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Susan asks…

How long does it take Pelvic inflammatory disease to cause infertility?

I’m talking about the disease that results from Chlyamdia. Do most women that have it have problems with their reproductive organs?


Is that like somekinda new computer virus?

William asks…

What Can Cause Infertility In a Woman?

Name anything….what can cause infertility in a woman? Please no sick answers, as this is a serious question.


Endometriosis is a common and often painful disorder of the female reproductive system.

In this condition, a specialised type of tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (the endometrium) becomes implanted outside the uterus, most commonly on the fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining the pelvis.The two most common symptoms of endometriosis are pain and infertility.

Sandra asks…

How long does it take for chlamydia to cause infertility in women?

My boyfriend gave me chlamydia and i’ve had it for 5 months now. Please help. i need to know as I am planning on having a family in the future.


Its really hard to tell. I think the only way you will know if your fertility is preserved is to find out if your fallopian tubes are open. This is done by a very painful X-ray. They shoot die into your pelvis and see if it goes all the way thru the tubes. If it doesn’t, you are able to produce eggs, but not able to fertilize them because your fallopian tubes are blocked. .

Charles asks…

Can you get pregnant after having Chymidia?

My cousin told me before that you can not get pregnant after you have had Chymidia (a Sexual Transmitted Infection, which means it is curable). I know that it can cause infertility if left untreated for a period of time. So basically my question is, can you get pregnant after being treated for chymidia and if so how long does it take to cause infertility if left untreated?


I don’t know how long it would have to be left untreated before causing infertility, but yes you can get pregnant after having it. I’m sure the chances would be different in every women.

Donna asks…

If both parents on are fertile, what are the chances of being infertile?

Just a question, Its for my science I’m writing about.

Basically If your married and
Both parents on both sides of the family are fertile… What’s the chances of you being infertile?

Can anything cause infertility?


A person wouldn’t have been born if in the first place if both parents weren’t fertile. There are many causes of infertility. Sometimes a woman has a condition called endometriosis where the lining of the uterus begins growing in other places, and this causes a lot of scar tissue to build up which can lead to infertility. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is another condition which can cause fertility issues. Sometimes a woman has a inhospitable environment in her uterus for sperm. There are many other reasons why a woman could be infertile. Sometimes a woman can miscarry and end up having a surgical procedure to remove the baby and the doctor can end up damaging her.
If a man has an extremely low sperm count, sometimes the woman can have trouble getting pregnant has well. There are many factors, and these are just a FEW examples.

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Daniel asks…

does your diet or weight have anything to do with fertility or irregular periods?

within the past year, i moved in with my boyfriend, now husband. with it being our first huse and us just getting out of college, we were low on cash. Cheap food= lots of carbs and fat!!! so i ended up gaining like 30 lbs. I also was on birth control for a few months.After the birth control and initial weight gain my period stated getting irregular. This past february, we started trying for kids. ive still not got preg and my periods are still off. does the weight gain and ireegularity have anything to do with infertility?????


Yes, weight can have a factor in your fertility! LOTS of women who are overweight and having irregular periods have success in conceiving after losing some weight… It’s a frustrating scenario! I know what you are talking about with the “cheap foods = carbs/fat”!! My husband and I lived that way for a long time and I always felt it was unfair…

Well, we have two kids now… But I have PCOS and it wasn’t easy. We had to see a specialist and use fertility medication to conceive our first child! Since our second child was about 7 months old we have both decided to put food choices as our #1 priority… We try our best to make our money count and buy low carb foods with what money we do have. Vegetables, meats/seafoods and limited whole grains… That’s really all we buy (with the occasional splurge on ‘no sugar added’ ice cream on the hot days!)….

Anyhow, to specifically answer your question: Yes, your increase in weight can effect your fertility. However, I thought my weight was the reason for my not conceiving years ago too… And I wrongly sort of “beat myself up” over gaining the weight…. As it turned out, I was much later diagnosed with the PCOS and that is when I really began to understand what was going on with my body…. Not only was my infertility caused by weight gain… But my weight gain was caused by PCOS!!! Talk to your doctor… Mention PCOS… See if they will test you for it. My periods only went screwey after going off of the birth control pills too, just like you… And it is when I started gaining all of my weight… This can all be signs of PCOS. Eating low-carb is the best way to eat for a woman with PCOS too!!

Best of luck!

Linda asks…

what is the difference between chlamydia and gonorrhea?


Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and multiply easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (urine canal) in women and men. The bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.
Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus. Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired. Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to baby during delivery.

People who have had gonorrhea and received treatment may get infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with gonorrhea.
Although many men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all, some men have some signs or symptoms that appear two to five days after infection; symptoms can take as long as 30 days to appear. Symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles.

In women, the symptoms of gonorrhea are often mild, but most women who are infected have no symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they can be so non-specific as to be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. The initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, regardless of the presence or severity of symptoms.

Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. Rectal infection also may cause no symptoms. Infections in the throat may cause a sore throat but usually causes no symptoms.
Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men.

In women, gonorrhea is a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). About one million women each year in the United States develop PID. Women with PID do not necessarily have symptoms. When symptoms are present, they can be very severe and can include abdominal pain and fever. PID can lead to internal abscesses (pus-filled “pockets” that are hard to cure) and long-lasting, chronic pelvic pain. PID can damage the fallopian tubes enough to cause infertility or increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition in which a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.

In men, gonorrhea can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the testicles that can lead to infertility if left untreated.

Gonorrhea can spread to the blood or joints. This condition can be life threatening. In addition, people with gonorrhea can more easily contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV-infected people with gonorrhea are more likely to transmit HIV to someone else.
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, which can damage a woman’s reproductive organs. Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that cause irreversible damage, including infertility, can occur “silently” before a woman ever recognizes a problem. Chlamydia also can cause discharge from the penis of an infected man.
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. In 2004, 929,462 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia. Under-reporting is substantial because most people with chlamydia are not aware of their infections and do not seek testing. Also, testing is not often done if patients are treated for their symptoms. An estimated 2.8 million Americans are infected with chlamydia each year. Women are frequently re-infected if their sex partners are not treated.
Chlamydia is known as a “silent” disease because about three quarters of infected women and about half of infected men have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they usually appear within 1 to 3 weeks after exposure.

In women, the bacteria initially infect the cervix and the urethra (urine canal). Women who have symptoms might have an abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning sensation when urinating. When the infection spreads from the cervix to the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus), some women still have no signs or symptoms; others have lower abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual periods. Chlamydial infection of the cervix can spread to the rectum.

Men with signs or symptoms might have a discharge from their penis or a burning sensation when urinating. Men might also have burning and itching around the opening of the penis. Pain and swelling in the testicles are uncommon.

Men or women who have receptive anal intercourse may acquire chlamydial infection in the rectum, which can cause rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding. Chlamydia can also be found in the throats of women and men having oral sex with an infected partner.

John asks…

I have never been “Careful” during sex so why have I never gotten pregnant?

My husband and I have been together for 4 years only married for a year but we have never really tried and never tried not too..were both 24 and are very healthy, just wondering why we have never gotten pregnant, now were wanting to try.


A fertility problem with you or your partner. How long have you been trying to conceive? Age, history of infections and STDs, hormonal imbalances, conditions like endometriosis, or simply bad timing of intercourse are possible explanations of your fertility problems. Men suffer from other issues, and if it’s your partner’s infertility he may have a low sperm count, viscous semen (too thick to transport sperm) or other reasons.

They sell over-the-counter ovulation predictors, but you can do the same thing much cheaper by taking your body temp and being aware of your vaginal secretions/cervical mucous. There are many good websites that explain this, one is:

Be aware that ovulation predictors or taking your temp or monitoring your cervical mucous is NOT an indication that you are ‘fertile’ or are able to conceive during these times. It merely means you may be ovulating. For instance, if you have an obstruction of your fallopian tubes the egg released will never be fertilized.

The only way to know for sure if you have a fertility problem is see your Ob-gyn and have a work-up. If you’re older than 30 or 35, been trying to conceive for more than a year, you should definitely see a physician. Or, try Planned Parenthood for advice.

In reply to your additional comments: Because of your age and the fact that you haven’t ‘tried’ to get pregnant, I’d first go the basal body/ cervical mucous way of predicting ovulation. You’re young and otherwise healthy so you don’t have the same urgency 38 year old women do as they quickly approach the end of their reproductive years. Try that approach for a few months, timing sex to correspond with ovulation. If that doesn’t work, you might try an over-the-counter ovulation predictor, but they are going to give you the same information, just in a more expensive way. (The only expense you’ll have with the temp/ mucous monitoring is the price of the special thermometer.) If you’ve actually ‘tried’ (rather than ‘not tried not to’) for a year, then you might want to see a doctor. Infertility testing and treatment can be very expensive; try on your own first before you get into expensive medical tests.

Good luck to you and your husband.

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Robert asks…

Name suggestions for a blog?

Its an infertility blog…need name suggestions! PLEASE answer!


Hmm… Infertility isn’t funny, so I don’t think a funny name is the right thing to use. You don’t want it to be depressing though. Something simple, yet sophisticated would work.


Linda asks…

I think I might have PCOS, how do they test for that? What should I look for?

I think I might have this because I have pretty much all of the symptoms associated with it. Why hasn’t my OBGYN checked me for this? Is there a test they do for it? Similar experiences appreciated…


If you don’t shove your symptoms in their face, they usually don’t test for it. I actually had to go to my doctor (my 7th that I’d been to) and tell him I HAVE PCOS, test me for this, this and this. They finally did and I was diagnosed.
As sad as it sounds, most OB/GYN’s and doctors in general do not know much about PCOS. That is why so many women are not diagnosed until they notice infertility problems.
Maybe this will help:

Mark asks…

i want to get pregnant but seems that i cant any ideas?

My husband and I have been trying to get pregnant but it just seems like its not going to happen. We are both really ready for a baby. Does anybody have any ideas as to how we could get pregnant? thank you.


My husband and I are both healthy and in our very early 20’s and we have unfortunately been trying to conceive for two years now. From what I have read, most would recommend that a couple our age should have gone to see a doctor after about a year of trying to get tests and such done. However, as hopeless as it seems, we just aren’t ready to go to a doctor about this yet…maybe for fear of finding out some terrible news I suppose. I know, as Im sure you do, how devastating it can be each month to get another negative or when aunt flow shows up…but you just have to remember, there is ALWAYS next month!!!
I have read books, blogs, entire websites, etc.. To try and better my own knowledge of the different things that could be affecting our chances each month. For example you might know that when you are pregnant caffeine is a no-no, but this also applies to when you are TTC..caffeine can affect the way your body absorbs iron among other things) and thus make it more difficult conceive. Are you and your husband taking prenatal/multivitamins? Lacking certain vitamins could be affecting your fertility as well. Some research has even shown that you should skip the skim milk and go for the full-fat versions as items such as whole milk can offer protection against ovulation-reltaed infertility! STRESS..depression, (you know those things you may be experiencing since you’ve been trying to conceive forever) can affect your fertility as well! Have you tried tracking your cervical mucus (fun fun- I know, ha!!) But doing so can greatly help you pin-point when you are ovulating thus increasing your chances conceiving as opposed to ovulation calendars ect..!!
I know this isn’t packed full of helpful pointers, but I highly recommend doing some research on this topic..although it seems everyone around me just has sex and BOOM..they have a baby (including those who don’t want a baby) but there is a lot more to it than that!! Take this time to get in tune with your body and better you- and your hubby’s- health, and when it happens you’ll be starting out ahead!! Keep your chin up hun, don’t lose hope, and again- always remember that there is ALWAYS next month!! Best wishes to you and your baby making journey..hope its a short one!!!

Daniel asks…

My husband and I have been having unprotected sex for over 3 years, why am I not getting pregnant? Help!!! ?

Last April I was diagnosed with a low thyroid and have been on medication since than. Both of us get a yearly physicals.


Hey! I don’t have an answer for you but… My husband and I have been trying for 2 years and yesterday we went and saw an infertility specialist and he said my thyroid results came back really low, so that I have hyperthyroidism and that my eyes are really big so I might have graves disease. So I have been reading up on all this and I don’t have hardly any of the symptoms, I’m so confused. He did say that having this does make it harder to get pregnant and also can lead to having a miscarriage. Have you seen a specialist? What do they say? Do they want to try artificial insemination or IVF? It is such a long process and so emotional! I found this blog someone started for people who are going through infertility problems, just a support group, if you want to take a look at it… It’s Well your not alone, best of luck! (If you want to share stories and ideas with me I would love to have someone to talk about this, you can email at thanks)

David asks…

What exactly is Insulin Resistance?

I have PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) and I just found out that I am insulin resistent. My MD really didn’t explain to me what that was. What is it and how is it really effecting me. Could it be partly to blame for my unexplained weight gain and how can I correct this.

Also, the MD prescribed Metformin (generic Glucophage) which is a diabetic medication that he said may help.

One last thing, is this the same as pre diabetes?


Ugh, it is so typical… Doctors never give us the education and information we need. I hear this so often from women with PCOS, it really angers me….

Insulin resistance is basically where your body takes the sugar and turns it into fat, instead of energy. It causes SO many problems including weight gain/inability to lose weight, hormonal imbalances, infertility, etc. Nearly 30% or more of women with PCOS have IR. Some actually believe that we first have IR and it causes PCOS….

Here’s a post I wrote, it may help:

Metformin is the most common medication prescribed to help control IR. It is quite effective in helping women control IR, lose weight and regulate their cycles.

Insulin resistant increases our risk of getting Type 2 diabetes, but NO, IR is not diabetes. The best way to decrease this risk is to watch what we eat (follow a low GI diet), and watch our weight.

I hope this info helps you!

Lizzie asks…

Does the cervical cancer injection have any side effects if you have it when you are sexually active?


First of all, let me start off by saying that NO vaccines, not even Gardasil, are tested for cancer or infertility. The Gardasil vaccine, like many others contains aluminum. Human safety studies have shown that aluminum causes severe nerve cell death. These studies also conclude that vaccine aluminum adjuvants can allow aluminum to enter the brain, as well as cause inflammation at the injection site leading to chronic joint pain and fatigue. Nearly 90% of all recipients who recieve the Gardasil vaccine report one or more adverse reactions. Even Merck, the huge drug company that produces Gardasil and many other vaccines, list a whole range of problems caused by the vaccine. These reactions include headache, gastroenterities, appendicites, pelvic inflammatory disease, ashma, bronchospasm, juvenile arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, hives, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Pyrex, nausea, nasopharyngitis, dizziness, diarrehea, myalgia, cough, toothache, upper respiratory tract infection, malaise, arthralgia, insomnia, and death.

But to answer your question, YES, you can have a wide range of side effects whether you are sexually active or not.

Package insert for ” Cervical Cancer Vaccine ”

Look on page 12 of their drug insert, which clearly states that they are not tested for carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, and Impairment of fertility. Link is provided below.


I believe that no person should EVER recieve any vaccine! If you are wondering why I believe this (because some people think I’m nuts) you may log on to my blog site at I’m sure that you will find more than enough information to make a fully informed decision. Good luck!

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Donald asks…

Fertility problems and Purina dog food?

I was having a conversation with a friend who is a breeder and has a lot of breeder/show friends. She mentioned that she has been hearing about quite a few dogs that are fed purina (pro-plan specifically) and having problems with fertility, i.e. low sperm count and a hard time getting the dogs pregnant.

Has anyone heard about this yet? What are your thoughts? Can a dog food cause infertility in both male and female dogs?


Well, I wouldn’t be surprised if low quality food creates fertility problems. It’s the same with people. If you don’t have a good, balanced diet, then it’s harder to get pregnant. That’s why doctors always recommend human women to eat healthy to try to get pregnant/stay pregnant/ have a healthy pregnancy.

Purina is a mediocre food. It’s formulated by AAFCO guidelines, but those guidelines were made 30 years ago and haven’t undergone significant updates. It’s a known fact that dogs can’t use corn and other fillers, yet they continue to put useless ingredients into their food.

Again, I wouldn’t be surprised.

William asks…

endomertiosis and pcos, and low sperm count has anyone dealt with this before?

I would like to hear from some women who have experienced this for themselves no negativity if u don’t have anything nice to say don’t comment…i have pcos and endomertiosis and my spouse has low sperm count..has anyone conceived with all 3 of these infertility causes? i just under went surgery for my endo and they got it all now im going to try a higher dosage of clomid…any insight to this would be greatly appreciated


I have endo and pcos and my dh has possible male issues. We haven’t conceived in our time of trying yet. (He goes Monday for another test.) I am not sure if it’s one or both of us.

Robert asks…

What kind of food improves male fertility?


Make sure to have lots of fruits and veggies. Also, foods containing zinc are good for you. Foods that contain zinc are things like oyster, nuts, beans, lentils, organic beef, and green peas. Taking a zinc supplement could be beneficial to you as well. Zinc is needed to make testosterone and a shortage of it may cause a low sperm count and male infertility. Sperm prefer alkaline conditions so it is best to have a high percentage of your diet to consist of alkaline foods. You can read more about it here and there is a list of such foods:

Good luck! :-)

Susan asks…

why Maxoza-L alongwith other medications prescribed by Urologist for treating PME?

does Maxoza-L help in curing PME? since this is used to improve sperm counts/motility etc. How can improving sperm count help in curing PME?


Maxoza L contains a variety of substances, but the main ingredient is carnitine. Carnitine is necessary for turning fat into energy, and possibly has other useful roles all over the body. Most people make enough of it for themselves, but there are conditions in which carnitine levels are low. It is not clear whether added carnitine improves these conditions, but that is the idea.
Conditions in which added carnitine has been tried include heart and blood vessel disease, diabetes, kidney disease and Alzheimer’s as well as male infertility.

Laura asks…

Is it possible for a man to just stop being able to have kids?

if he has one already and he has suffered no illnesses or accidents is it possible for his sperm to dry up and not be able to have children?


Causes of Low Sperm Count

The leading cause of male infertility is low sperm count. Others may be low sperm motility, bad quality sperm, lack of semen. In general, most cases of male infertility are due to low sperm count. There are many biologic and environmental factors that can lead to low sperm count. Here is a list if conditions that may cause low sperm count in men.

The effect of aging on male fertility is not clear, however, evidence is growing that it may be a factor. Fertilization rates are usually over 60% for men under 39 but for those over that age, the rates fell to slightly over half.
Temporary and Lifestyle Causes of Low Sperm Count

Nearly any major physical or mental stress can temporarily reduce sperm count. Some common conditions that lower sperm count, temporarily in nearly all cases, include the following:

1. Emotional Stress. Stress may interfere with the hormone GnRH and reduce sperm counts.
2. Sexual Issues. In less than 1% of males with infertility problems, a problem with sexual intercourse or technique will affect fertility.
3. Impotence, premature ejaculation, or psychologic or relationship problems can contribute to infertility, although these conditions are usually very treatable.
4. Lubricants used with condoms, including spermicides, oils, and Vaseline, can affect fertility. If you need a sperm friendly lubricant, the choice of many couples trying to get pregnant is Pre-Seed.

Testicular Exposure to Overheating.

Overheating (such as from high fever, saunas, and hot tubs) may temporarily lower sperm count. Work exposure to overheating may even impair fertility.
Substance Abuse

Cocaine or heavy marijuana use appears to temporarily reduce the number and quality of sperm by as much as 50%. Sperm actually have receptors for certain compounds in marijuana that resemble natural substances and which may impair the sperm’s ability to swim and may also inhibit their ability to penetrate the egg.

Smoking impairs sperm count, sperm motility, reduces sperm lifespan, and may cause genetic changes that affect the offspring. Additionally, a 1999 study found that men who smoke have lower sex drives and less frequent sex.
Malnutrition and Nutrient Deficiencies.

Deficiencies in certain nutrients, such as vitamin C, selenium, zinc, and folate, may be particular risk factors for low sperm count in such cases.

Some studies, but not all, have found an association between obesity in men and low sperm count.

Bicycling has been linked to impotence in men and also may affect the sperm count. Pressure from the bike seat may damage blood vessels and nerves that are responsible for erections. Mountain biking, which involves riding on off-road terrain, exposes the perineum (the region between the scrotum and the anus) to more extreme shocks and vibrations and increases the risk for injuries to the scrotum.

Maria asks…

How To Increase The Quantity Of Sperms?

I want to ask two things about sperms:
1) How I can increase the sperms quantity for born a child,
2) Can milk increase the quantity of our sperms for getting a child,


I also found this article very helpful:

Sperm Diet & Nutrition

Free radicals (which float around the body and damage other cells) are said to be responsible for 40 percent of sperm damage can be battled with antioxidants such as vitamin C, E, beta-carotene, selenium, zinc, blackberries, blueberries, garlic, kale, strawberries, brussels sprouts, plums, alfalfa sprouts, broccoli, red peppers, grapeseed extract, and pine bark extract.

Certain nutrients are quite important to the healthy production of sperm. The following are a list of those nutrients, foods sources of them, and the recommended nutritional intake (RNI).

Amino Acids
The building blocks of life. Necessary for egg and sperm production. Some healthcare practitioners will prescribe amino acids such as l-arginine to enhance fertility. Do not take arginine if you have the herpes virus, it will cause an outbreak.
Sources: protein foods such as meat, fish, eggs, dairy, lentils, peas, beans, nuts, brown rice, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, and quinoa.
Dosage: 500 mg per day of l-arginine

Vitamin A
Essential for the production of male sex hormones. It has antioxidant qualities which protects cells against damage from free radicals in the body. It also is important for the upkeep of the seminiferous tubules.
A deficiency is shown to reduce sperm volume and count, and increase abnormal sperm.
Sources: eggs, yellow fruits and vegetables, whole milk and milk products, dark green leafy veggies, and fish oils.
Dosage: RDA 700 mcg per day. Take with foods that contain fat or oil, as well as with vitamin C, E, and zinc.

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Together with zinc, B6 is essential for the formation of male sex hormones. A deficiency causes infertility in animals.
Sources: molasses, brewer’s yeast, whole grains, nuts, brown rice, organ and other meats, egg yolks, fish, poultry, legumes, seeds, and green leafy veggies.
Dosage: RNI 1.4 mg per day, but up to 50 mg may be used per day.
Note: Zinc is needed for its absorption.

Vitamin B12
Folate and B12 are needed for the synthesis of DNA and RNA. These make up the blueprint for the genetic code of the entire body. Low levels can cause abnormal sperm production, reduced sperm counts, and reduced motility. Even if your count is only on the low side, supplement with B12.
Sources: lamb, sardines, salmon, fermented foods that contain bacteria. Calcium aids in its absorption.
Dosage: RNI from 1.5 mcg per day.

Folate (folic acid)
Needed for sperm production, count, motility, and low morphological abnormalities. Vitamin C aids in absorption.
Sources: dark green leafy veggies, broccoli, organ meats, brewer’s yeast, root vegetables, whole grains, oysters, salmon, milk, legumes, asparagus, oatmeal, dried figs, and avacados.
Dosage: RNI 200-400 mcg per day

Vitamin C
An antioxidant that prevents damage from free radicals. It is needed for the healthy production of sperm. Low vitamin C levels have been linked with an increse in birth defects. It can increase count and motility of sperm. It is also shown to reduce clumping of sperm.
Sources: citrus fruits, rosehips, cherries, sprouted alfalfa seeds, cantaloupe, strawberries, broccoli, tomatoes, sweet peppers, black currants, mangos, grapes, kiwi fruit, pineapples, asparagus, peas, potatoes, parsely, watercress, and spinach.
Dosage: 500-1000 mg per day.

Vitamin E
Rats fed a diet free of vitamin e cannot reproduce. It also is an antioxidant. It may also help the sperm penetrate the egg. Deficiency leads to a degeneration of testicular tissues. Vitamin E has anticoagulant properties, so caution if taking blood thinners.
Sources: cold pressed oils, wheat germ, organ meats, molasses, eggs, sweet potatoes, leafy veggies, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and avacados.
Dosage: >4 mg

Deficiency may cause infertility. It is needed to properly shape sperm and to maintain count. It may have a key role in the functioning of the epididymis. It is an antioxidant which protects the cells in the sperm that have a high fat content.
Sources: tuna, herring, brewer’s yeast, wheat germ and bran, whole grains, and sesame seeds.
Dosage: RNI 75 mcg per day

Manganese competes with iron for absorption. It is advisable to take manganese supplements with protein foods and vitamin C. Deficiency may cause testicular degeneration, congenital malformations, sterility, low sex drive, low sperm count, and an increase in the number of cells that degenerate in the epididymis. Deficiency may also inhibit the synthesis of sex hormones.
Sources: whole grains, green leafy veggies, carrots, broccoli, ginger, legumes, nuts, pineapples, eggs, oats, and rye.
Dosage: RNI 1.4 mg per day

Deficiencies of Zinc are quite common. Zinc is important for the cell division and the production of healthy sperm. It is the most critical trace mineral for male sexual function. It is needed for testosterone metabolism, testicle growth, sperm production, motility, count, reducing excess estrogen in male reproductive tissue. Every time a man ejaculates he loses about 5 mg of zinc. Alcohol depletes zinc in the body. Folic acid, tea, coffee, high fiber intake, and iron may inhibit absorption. Vitamin B6 and C may aid absorption.
Sources: lean meat, fish, seafood, chicken, eggs, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, rye, oats, whole grains, legumes, ginger, parsley, mushrooms, brewer’s yeast, and wheat germ.
Dosage: RNI 10-30 mg per day.

Coenzyme Q10
Important for energy production. ICSI fertilization rates may rise when taking this supplement. It also improves blood flow. It is present in large amounts in the seminal fluid. It protects them against free radical damage, gives sperm energy (along with fructose), and increases their motility. Dosage: 50-90 mg per day

Essential Fatty Acids
Very important to take when trying to concieve. EFA’s act as hormone regulators. Omega-3 DHA and Omega-6 arachidonic acid are important structural elements of cell membranes, body tissue, and brain development in the fetus. Sperm contain high concentrations of omega-3’s, in particular DHA (found in oily fish). DHA is in the sperm tail (motility).
Sources: Omega-3; flaxseed, oily fish (mackerel, herring, salmon, sardines), walnuts, green leafy veggies, and tuna (not more than 150g/week).
Sources: Omega-6; seeds and their oils.
Dosage: 2000 mg per day.
Note: be careful if you are currently taking blood thinning medication. Also, these should be taken with antioxidants vitamins A, C, E, selenium, and grapeseed extract.

Ginseng (Radix Ginseng, Ren Shen) may improve levels of testosterone.
Tribullus (Tribullus Silvestrus, Bai Ji Li) has been found to support healthy sperm production and is used to treat sexual dysfunction (impotence and libido).
Some herbs that may adversely affect fertility are St. John’s Wort, Saw Palmetto, Licorice, and Echinacea.
Dosage: Talk to a qualified Herbalist.


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Richard asks…

Bacterial infection help please?

I was treated for a yeast infection for 2 weeks, and it got better..but now it’s back, Could this be a bacterial infection? What are some symptoms of a bacterial infection?
I already went to the doctor, and was treated with antibiotics.


A vaginal yeast infection is irritation of the vagina and the area around it called the vulva (vul-vuh). Yeast is a type of fungus. Yeast infections are caused by overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans. Small amounts of yeast are always in the vagina. But when too much yeast grows, you can get an infection.
Yeast infections are very common. About 75 percent of women have one during their lives. And almost half of women have two or more vaginal yeast infections.
The most common symptom of a yeast infection is extreme itchiness in and around the vagina. Other symptoms include:•burning, redness, and swelling of the vagina and the vulva •pain when passing urine •pain during sex •soreness•a thick, white vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese and does not have a bad smell •a rash on the vagina. Should I call my doctor if I think I have a yeast infection? Yes, you need to see your doctor to find out for sure if you have a yeast infection. The signs of a yeast infection are much like those of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like Chlamydia (KLUH-mid-ee-uh) and gonorrhea (gahn-uh-REE-uh). So, it’s hard to be sure you have a yeast infection and not something more serious. How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed? Your doctor will do a pelvic exam to look for swelling and discharge. Your doctor may also use a swab to take a fluid sample from your vagina. A quick look with a microscope or a lab test will show if yeast is causing the problem. Why did I get a yeast infection? Many things can raise your risk of a vaginal yeast infection, such as: •stress •lack of sleep •illness •poor eating habits, including eating extreme amounts of sugary foods •pregnancy •having your period •taking certain medicines, including birth control pills, antibiotics, and steroids •diseases such as poorly controlled diabetes and HIV/AIDS •hormonal changes during your periods. Can I get a yeast infection from having sex? Yes, but it is rare. Most often, women don’t get yeast infections from sex. The most common cause is a weak immune system. How are yeast infections treated? Yeast infections can be cured with antifungal medicines that come as: •creams•tablets •ointments or suppositories that are inserted into the vagina. These products can be bought over the counter at the drug store or grocery store. Your doctor can also prescribe you a single dose of oral fluconazole (floo-con-uh-zohl). But do not use this drug if you are pregnant.
Infections that don’t respond to these medicines are starting to be more common. Using antifungal medicines when you don’t really have a yeast infection can raise your risk of getting a hard-to-treat infection in the future.
Is it safe to use over-the-counter medicines for yeast infections? Yes, but always talk with your doctor before treating yourself for a vaginal yeast infection if you: •are pregnant •have never been diagnosed with a yeast infection
•keep getting yeast infections. Studies show that two-thirds of women who buy these products don’t really have a yeast infection. Using these medicines the wrong way may lead to a hard-to-treat infection. Plus, treating yourself for a yeast infection when you really have something else may worsen the problem. Certain STIs that go untreated can cause cancer, infertility, pregnancy problems, and other health problems. If you decide to use these over-the-counter medicines, read and follow the directions carefully. Some creams and inserts may weaken condoms and diaphragms. If I have a yeast infection, does my sexual partner need to be treated? Yeast infections are not STIs, and health experts don’t know for sure if they are transmitted sexually. About 12 to 15 percent of men get an itchy rash on the penis if they have unprotected sex with an infected woman. If this happens to your partner, he should see a doctor. Men who haven’t been circumcised are at higher risk. Lesbians may be at risk for spreading yeast infections to their partner(s). If your female partner has any symptoms, she should also be tested and treated. How can I avoid getting another yeast infection? To help prevent vaginal yeast infections, you can:•avoid douches •avoid scented hygiene products like bubble bath, sprays, pads, and tampons •change tampons and pads often during your period •avoid tight underwear or clothes made of synthetic fibers •wear cotton underwear and pantyhose with a cotton crotch •change out of wet swimsuits and exercise clothes as soon as you can •avoid hot tubs and very hot baths. If you keep getting yeast infections, be sure and talk with your doctor.
What should I do if I get repeat yeast infections? Call your doctor. About 5 percent of women get four or more vaginal yeast infections in 1 year. This is called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). RVVC is more common in women with diabetes or weak immune systems. Doctors most often treat this problem with antifungal medicine for up to 6 months.

Mandy asks…

please help me ttc for just over a year in early 20’s :(?

Please help i am in my early 20’s and so is my partner, we have been having unprotected sex just over a year now and we still havnt conceived? are we doing something wrong? or is it his diabetes? ive read that diabetes causes infertility in men, is there any one out there with partners who have diabetes and concieved eventually? please help im worried. My partner said he will get checked out next week but it really upsets me because he is the love of my life and it would kill me not to be able to have a child with him :(


I have been with my partner for 5 1/2 years and we have been off borth controll for around 4. We have been activly trying for years and im same age as you, I hope you find your answers and sometimes its just simple little things that need a bit of a tweek to help you along. Weve not been to the doctors yet as … Well i dont have a reason pbobbaly a litt;e bit scared.

Hope it all works out for you

Baby dust XxxX

Nancy asks…

Does O.D.D. (oppositional defiant disorder) exist for adults; if so, what is the treatment?

I know a person who is in his 50’s (average I.Q) and seems to display some of the symptoms, even though O.D.D. is typically not an adult disorder. He does things that make people upset or annoyed with him, and has managed to drive me crazy! Some of the things include causing arguments and controversy, insulting people indirectly, obsession to be noticed by others, talking too loudly, ignoring “common courtesy” manners in public or private, and saying the same phrases or doing the same things during specific activities or cues that seem to bring out OCD-like symptoms.

He was never really loved by his parents and came from an emotionally and physically turmultuous household. Unfortunately, though, his behavior seems to drive people away like having bad breath.

What can be done for a grown man who exihibits such behavior? Is there a particular method of behavior modification that can be implemented on a subconscious level that could positively alter these types of behaviors?


Foremost, I think this person is most fortunate to have you as his friend.

I hope you will give yourself all the support you deserve…including a way to vent your own frustrations.

We have a family member who, with his parents, did behavior modification therapy with fair results. But, it’s pretty hard to put an adult into time out . .

He was a totally beloved child . . . Truly a miracle after years of infertility.

He would now be classified as “failure to bond”.

But his parents were so committed and in love with this baby that they overcame every defense he could put up.

He’s now an adult and has an anxiety disorder that dove-tails with him being ADHD–and, no, he was never treated for that.

He’s fortunate in that he’s found a job that lets him work off hyper energy.

He also has a mature doctor who has him on anti-anxiety medication with good results.

In truth, I cannot imagine your friend improving without medication

Ideally, under supervision of a teaching university hospital psych staff who have access to the most cutting edge information.

As a member of the medical community who believed for too many years that psychoanalysis could fix anything, I now acknowledge that we now have access to psycho-pharmaceutical drugs which we could hardly imagine even twenty years ago.

I believe things will improve for your friend, and for you, when he gets the help he needs & deserves.

Explain it to him this way:
We are each & everyone largely the result of the way our brains are wired…

Wiring is genetic, as is adhd, depression, bi-polar disorder, anxiety, etc.
Not to mention diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.

If he resists the idea of taking medication, explain that this is no different than a diabetic using insulin…

Above all, spread the message that


I wish you both a happier future.

David asks…

Anyone used Shilajit and does it work?


Shilajit is an important Ayurvedic compounds the degradation of the body. Shilajit is considered to be found for the first time in modern British explorer Sir Martin Edward Stanley in 1870, at the time that the Shilajit is found for the first time in modern British explorer Sir Martin Edward Stanley in 1870, was in India and Nepal part of the British Empire. When India and Nepal as part of the British Empire. It contains over 85 minerals in ionic form and the active principle fulvic acid, humic acid, hippuric acid and benzopyrones. It contains over 85 minerals in ionic form and the active principle fulvic acid, humic acid, hippuric acid and benzopyrones. It is for the treatment of diabetes and a variety of urological problems. It is used to treat diabetes and various urinary tract problem. In combination with other herbs to enhance the effect of it. When used with other herbs to enhance the effect of it.

It is believed that this is a beneficial effect arising from the kidney, urinary and genital system. It is believed that this is a beneficial effect arising from the kidney, urinary and genital system. It is considered to be aphrodisiac, for the treatment of impotence and infertility at the same time, men and women. It is considered to be aphrodisiac, for the treatment of impotence and infertility in men and women. Shilajit Sanskrit means’ sense of rock ‘, because it is the power of rock to reverse the aging process. Sanskrit Shilajit means Rock feel, because of its strength, a rock to reverse the aging process. Mentioned in ancient literature of India and Amrit shilajit and the fountain of youth. India and mentioned in ancient literature Amrit shilajit and fountain of youth. It is widely used in India’s Himalayan region and the yogis have a physical body of the youth structure. It is widely used by yogis in the Himalayan region of India have stamina and physical structure of a youth. Described in medical literature of ancient conquerors shilajit as mountains and destroyer of weakness. Described in medical literature of ancient conquerors shilajit as mountains and destroyer of weakness. It as a story of anxiety and stress. It is seen as a story of anxiety and stress. And regular intake of various minerals to promote actions such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and organization of the skeleton. Like the promotion of regular intake of a variety of minerals calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and organization of the skeleton. Shilajit active principle fulvic acid regeneration and extension of the basic nutrients in the cell. Shilajit active principle fulvic acid regeneration and extension of the basic nutrients cells. Humic acid to restore the power balance in damaged cells, and toxins and the elimination of food poisoning in a very short period of time. Fulvic acid to restore the power balance in damaged cells and toxins and the elimination of food poisoning in a very short period of time.

Shilajit to prevent the release of histamine in the blood, contribute to the prevention of the various agencies allergy. Shilajit to prevent the release of histamine in the blood, contribute to the prevention of the various agencies allergy. Shilajit provided the iron is essential in decision-making bodies of the red blood cells (erythrocytes). Shilajit provided iron is essential in decision-making bodies of the red blood cells (erythrocytes). It also as a means of stimulating the immune system. It also stimulates the immune system as a. Shilajit improve the protein and nucleic acid metabolism, as a catalyst, energy proved the response. Shilajit improve the protein and nucleic acid metabolism, as a catalyst, energy proved the response. This is a strong kidney and is also considered the best of sexual violence and mental strength. This is a strong kidney and is also considered the best of sexual violence and mental strength. It is usually referred to as Indian Viagra. It is usually referred to as Indian Viagra. It strengthens the effects of nitric oxide produced by the male erection. It reinforces the nitric oxide produced by the male erection.

It is conducive to the effectiveness of the protection of the liver’s cholesterol and blood sugar balance level institutions. It has beneficial effects, both to protect the liver of cholesterol and blood sugar levels body. As an adaptogenic agent to help the body cope with stress caused by the environment. As an adaptogenic agent to help the body cope with stress caused by environment. Therefore, it is also considered an anti-stress agent. Therefore, it is also considered an anti-stress agent.

It is the operation of the pancreas and increase blood circulation and strengthen the digestive system. It is the operation of the pancreas and increase blood circulation and strengthen the digestive system. Can also be used to treat hypothyroidism, because it controls the activities of the thyroid. It can also be used to treat hypothyroidism, because it controls the activities of the t

Mark asks…

can you list factors/factor which restrict fertilization?

Apparently to me it seems that sometimes even when both the individuals have the potential to reproduce, the female doesnt become pregnant after every time they have sex without using any coverings or so……………………………………………………….i..hope its not a stupid question!!!!!



This section deals with unintentional causes of sterility. For more information about surgical techniques for preventing procreation, see sterilization.

Common causes of infertility:

* Ovulation problems
* tubal blockage
* male associated infertility
* age-related factors
* uterine problems
* previous tubal ligation
* previous vasectomy
* unexplained infertility
* Tuberculosis (TB)

[edit] Virus

German scientists have reported that a virus called Adeno-associated virus might have a role in male infertility[7], though it is otherwise not harmful[8].

[edit] Causes in either sex

For a woman to conceive, certain things have to happen: intercourse must take place around the time when an egg is released from her ovary; the systems that produce eggs and sperm have to be working at optimum levels; and her hormones must be balanced.[9]

There are several possible reasons why it may not be happening naturally. In one-third of cases, it can be because of male problems such as low sperm count.
Some women are infertile because their ovaries do not mature and release eggs. In this case synthetic FSH by injection or Clomid (Clomiphene citrate) via a pill can be given to stimulate follicles to mature in the ovaries.

Problems affecting women include endometriosis or damage to the fallopian tubes (which may have been caused by infections such as chlamydia).

Other factors that can affect a woman’s chances of conceiving include being over- or underweight for her age – female fertility declines sharply after the age of 35. Sometimes it can be a combination of factors, and sometimes a clear cause is never established.

Factors that can cause male as well as female infertility are:

* Genetic Factors
o A Robertsonian translocation in either partner may cause recurrent spontaneous abortions or complete infertility.
* General factors
o Diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders, adrenal disease
* Hypothalamic-pituitary factors
o Kallmann syndrome
o Hyperprolactinemia
o Hypopituitarism
* Environmental Factors
o Toxins such as glues, volatile organic solvents or silicones, physical agents, chemical dusts, and pesticides. [10][11]

[edit] Combined infertility

In some cases, both the man and woman may be infertile or sub-fertile, and the couple’s infertility arises from the combination of these conditions. In other cases, the cause is suspected to be immunological or genetic; it may be that each partner is independently fertile but the couple cannot conceive together without assistance.

[edit] Unexplained infertility

In about 15% of cases the infertility investigation will show no abnormalities. In these cases abnormalities are likely to be present but not detected by current methods. Possible problems could be that the egg is not released at the optimum time for fertilization, that it may not enter the fallopian tube, sperm may not be able to reach the egg, fertilization may fail to occur, transport of the zygote may be disturbed, or implantation fails. It is increasingly recognized that egg quality is of critical importance and women of advanced maternal age have eggs of reduced capacity for normal and successful fertilization.

[edit] Assessment

If both partners are young and healthy, and have been trying for a baby for 12 months to two years without success, a visit to the family doctor could help to highlight potential medical problems earlier rather than later. The doctor may also be able to suggest lifestyle changes to increase the chances of conceiving. [12]

Women over the age of 35 should see their family doctor after six months as fertility tests can take some time to complete, and age may affect the treatment options that are open in that case.

A family doctor will take a medical history and give a physical examination. They can also carry out some basic tests on both partners to see if there is an identifiable reason for not having achieved a pregnancy yet. If necessary, they can refer patients to a fertility clinic or a local hospital for more specialized tests. The results of these tests will help determine which is the best fertility treatment.

[edit] Treatment

Treatment methods for infertility may be grouped as medical or complementary and alternative treatments. Some methods may be used in concert with other methods.

[edit] At-home conception kit

In 2007 the FDA cleared the first at home tier one medical conception device to aid in conception. The key to the kit are cervical caps for conception. This at home [cervical cap] insemination method allows all the semen to be placed up against the cervical os for six hours allowing all available [sperm] to be placed directly on the [cervical os]. For low sperm count, low sperm motility, or a tilted cervix using a cervical cap will aid in conception. This is a prescriptive medical device. [13]

[edit] At-home assessment

Prior to undergoing expensive fertility procedures, many women and couples will turn to online sources to determine their estimate chances of success. A take-home baby assessment can provide a best guess estimate compared with women who have succeeded with in vitro fertilization, based on variables such as maternal age, duration of infertility and number of prior pregnancies.[14]

[edit] Medical treatments

Medical treatment of infertility generally involves the use of medication, medical device, surgery, or a combination of the following. If the sperm are of good quality, and the mechanics of the woman’s reproductive structures are good (patent fallopian tubes, no adhesions or scarring) physicians may start by prescribing a course of ovarian stimulating medication. The physician may also suggest using a conception cap cervical cap which the patient uses at home by placing the sperm inside the cap and putting the conception device on the cervix, intrauterine insemination (IUI), in which the doctor introduces sperm into the uterus during ovulation, via a catheter. In these methods, fertilization occurs inside the body.

If conservative medical treatments fail to achieve a full term pregnancy, the physician may suggest the patient undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF and related techniques (ICSI, ZIFT, GIFT) are called assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques.

ART techniques generally start with stimulating the ovaries to increase egg production. After stimulation, the physician surgically extracts one or more eggs from the ovary, and unites them with sperm in a laboratory setting, with the intent of producing one or more embryos. Fertilization takes place outside the body, and the fertilized egg is reinserted into the woman’s reproductive tract, in a procedure called embryo transfer.

Other medical techniques are e.g. Tuboplasty, assisted hatching, and Preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

Recently, a hormone-antioxidant combination therapy was suggested to improve sperm count and motility in infertile men, according to an Egyptian study. Ghanem H et al. Combination clomiphene citrate and antioxidant therapy for idiopathic male infertility: A randomized controlled trial. Fertil Steril 2009 Mar 5; [e-pub ahead of print]. Published in Journal Watch General Medicine March 31, 2009 The study included 60 men who were randomly selected to take either the combination treatment of clomiphene citrate and vitamin E or a placebo for six months. The pregnancy rate was about 37 percent among men who had taken the combination therapy, compared with 13 percent for those in the placebo group. The men in the treatment group also had a greater increase in sperm concentration and an improvement in sperm progression, the Cairo University researchers found. Clomiphene citrate is an anti-estrogen drug designed as a fertility medicine for women but sometimes used to boost sperm production in men with low sperm counts and poor sperm motility. Vitamin E helps counter oxidative stress, which is associated with sperm DNA damage and reduced sperm motility. “The results of this study will be encouraging to male factor patients and their doctors,” Dr. R. Dale McClure, president of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, said in a society news release. “However, more research is needed to determine how the components of the combination therapy affect the different semen parameters observed and the advantages of using these drugs singly or in combination with other drugs not used in this study.”

[edit] Complementary and alternative treatments

Three complementary or alternative female infertility treatments have been scientifically tested, with results published in peer-reviewed medical journals.

1. Group psychological intervention: A 2000 Harvard Medical School study examined the effects of group psychological intervention on infertile women (trying to conceive a duration of one to two years). The two intervention groups—a support group and a cognitive behavior group—had statistically significant higher pregnancy rates than the control group. [15]
2. Acupuncture: Acupuncture performed 25 minutes before and after IVF embryo transfer increased IVF pregnancy rates in a German study published in 2002.[16] In a 2006 similar study conducted by The University of South Australia, the acupuncture group’s odds (although not statistically significant) were 1.5 higher than the control group. [17] Although definitive results of the effects of acupuncture on embryo transfer remain a topic of discussion, study authors state that it appears to be a safe adjunct to IVF.[17][18]
3. Manual physical therapy: The Wurn Technique, a manual manipulative physical therapy treatment, was shown in peer reviewed publications to improve natural and IVF pregnancy rates in infertile women in a 2004 study, [19] and to open and return functi

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